Low Carbon Initiatives

Low Carbon Initiatives

Galp develops new energy efficiency solutions and new business models, promoting sustainable energy consumption in our operations and with our customers and partners.


In Power generation

CO2 management in the pre-salt

Since the beginning of operations at Block BM-S-11, located in the ultra-deep waters of the Brazilian pre-salt (Santos basin), the partners took the initiative to separate and inject into the reservoir the CO2 from the natural gas produced.

This was a win-win solution, leading to a reduction in the carbon footprint of our operation and more consistent reservoir pressure. Using a selective permeation method at the production units, we separate the CO2 from natural gas, and inject it back into the reservoir using the WAG method.

A future with LNG

As an integrated energy operator, Galp is present in the upstream segment in this area, in the midstream by extending its LNG value chain by developing support infrastructure, and in the downstream, where in 2018 we signed a 20-year LNG Sale and Purchase Agreement for 1mtpa.

Development of wind and solar power projects

Galp acquired licenses for solar power generation in Iberian Peninsula, positioning itself as a renewable energy provider.

These licenses represent Galp’s first step towards the generation of solar energy, and strengthen our low carbon power capacity, which already included 12 MW of wind power through Ventiveste. Galp continues to seek and evaluate opportunities for renewable energy generation, with a focus on projects in the Iberian Peninsula, integrating this with the marketing activities throughout the power value chain.

Production of biofuels

We are present in the development of biofuels, which represents a proven solution with immediate effects, and which can be incorporated into existing liquid fuels. Our industrial unit in Sines, Enerfuel, is focused on the production of second-generation biofuels, which we want to develop in order to leverage the production of advanced biofuels.

In 2018, we concluded the evaluation of alternatives to process a wider range of feedstock and raw materials, leading to possible new investments to reinforce our production capacity.

Galp has several projects in development to improve its current processes and integrate processes and technologies based on different raw materials and biofuels, namely:

  • The co-processing of used cooking oils;
  • The generation of ethanol and bio-oil through residual forest biomass;
  • The production of syncrude and biomethane through municipal solid waste and refuse-derived fuels.

We also play an active role in taskforces and working groups to promote new initiatives in the biofuels field in Portugal, especially in the LNEG working group on biorefineries, biomethane for transportation and biomethane for injection into the natural gas network.

In our operations

A more efficient refining system

Galp remains focused on optimizing its refining system processes and maximizing energy efficiency. We have several ongoing programs and projects to optimize the use of resources in our operations, both in the Sines and Matosinhos refineries, with a view to achieving continuous improvements, minimizing process variations and reductions in waste and effluents.

In 2018, Galp achieved the CO2/CWT targets defined (31.3 and 29.1 for Sines and Matosinhos Refinery, respectively). Even so, we continue to strive to improve our performance through the implementation of relevant refining activity conversion and energy efficiency improvement projects, with a total investment of c.€13m.

Energy efficiency in refining (tonCO2/CWT)


We aim to be a reference when it comes to the carbon intensity of our refining activity, for this we will invest c. € 66m by 2023 in eco-efficiency projects that will avoid the emission of 150 kton of CO2e per year, compared to the current activity.


CO2/CWT reduction targets for 2022 (based on the figures for 2013)
Sines refinery Matosinhos refinery
-25% -15%


We monitor the energy efficiency of our activities through the Solomon Energy Intensity Index. Since 2015, the Matosinhos refinery has been ranked in the upper quartile of the Solomon Reference. We also assume the objective of putting both refineries in this quartile by 2021, reinforcing Galp's position as an efficient refining industry. We establish energy efficiency targets, through the Energy Efficiency Index, to promote the continuous improvement of our operations aligned with the activity requirements:


Energy efficiency targets - Energy Efficiency Index (EII) 
  2018 2019
Sines Refinery 93.8 94.3
Matosinhos Refinery 80.1



Energy efficiency in our marketing activities

Galp remains focused on minimizing energy use, as well as on reducing the wastewater generated at our service stations. In 2018, several energy efficiency programs were carried out at our service stations in Portugal and Spain, these measures included replacing lighting, the installation of capacitor banks and battery renewal schemes.

As a result of these improvements, all our service stations in Portugal now have energy-efficient lighting, and we are committed to achieving the same goal in Spain in 2019.

With our customers and partners

Galp Energy Solutions

Through our energy solutions segment, Galp offers its clients a wide range of services specifically designed to meet the needs of the industry, buildings and transport segments in the national market. Through energy performance contracts, implemented using the ESCO (Energy Service Companies) model, and energy implementation projects, Galp supports its clients in the reduction of their energy consumption and costs and avoiding greenhouse gas emissions.

Alongside its clients, in 2018, Galp developed energy efficiency solutions that avoided emissions of 723 tonCO2e/year.

In this context, together with the Cooperativa Agrícola dos Fruticultores do Cadaval (COOPVAL), Galp developed a project that will begin operating in 2019. This project will allow the elimination of more than 10% of the customer current energy needs, through the generation of 5.7 GWh and avoiding an expected 8000 tonCO2e.

Galp 21

Galp 21 is a university cooperation program whose purpose is the annual development of 21 studies and works carried out by students or master’s students in Portugal’s top three universities - Universidade de Aveiro (University of Aveiro), Instituto Superior Técnico (Higher Technical Institute) and the Faculdade de Engenharia of the Universidade do Porto (Engineering School of the University of Porto). Its aim is to identify and develop rational energy systems and behaviors that may be applied to the industry and buildings.

The program is based on a shared mentoring system between Galp (the client manager), the client company and the university concerned. Galp follows up the studies’ accomplishment, with the objective of contributing to its materialization into specific energy efficiency projects in its clients.

Since its twelve editions, Galp has already supported 232 grantees. In 2018, the implemented measures allowed reductions of almost 8% in primary energy consumption and 4% in CO2 emissions.

Consult here the main figures of the programme in 2018.

New realities, new services and products

Galp has developed an electric transportation strategy focused on an integrated commercial offering, through the inclusion of electric transportation solutions in our G&P offer, and the implementation of a network of fast-charging points at our service stations in Portugal. In 2018, we had 18 fast-charging points on the main Portuguese highways, and we expect to install 18 more in 2019 in the two main Portuguese metropolitan areas.

We have continued to seek to meet our customers’ expectations, which is why since 2016 Galp has provided Evologic diesel and gasoline, a new fuel range with additives allowing greater savings, extended engine life and greater efficiency.